The majority of the archeological data housed at the IHP belongs to the excavation from the relics of Yinxu, the capital of the Late-Shang dynasty. Between 1928 and 1937, when the IHP was founded, a total of 15 excavations were undertaken by the 1st generation IHP archeologists in present-day Anyang, Henan. Their discoveries laid an abundant foundation for later Chinese archeological study. Other notable archeological collections comefrom Chenzi Cliff, Two Cities and other places of the Longshan Culture in Shandong, the cemetery of the Western Zhou Dynasty state of Wei (衞國) in Xin Village of Rei Province, as well as from the cemetery of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty state of Wei (魏國) in Liuli loft in Hui province and Shanbiao Village in Ji Province, which, together with archeological works from many other places.
After its relocation to Taiwan, the IHP soon began archeological field works on the island. First in 1949, an archeological field research and excavation was conducted at the Damalin relic site. Then, in the 70’s, a major joint project on the natural and cultural history of the Zhuoshui and Dadu basins in Taiwan Province was carried out with National Taiwan University and Yale University. This project received extremely positive results and became one of the IHP’s most important collections on Taiwanese Archeology. Later, as the IHP became more and more important in history studies, and in response to Taiwan’s rapid economic development, several salvage archeology projects were conducted in time to save important archeological materials. The archeological collections of Taiwan in IHP covers not only the main island of Taiwan, but also places off-island. Such collections range from archeological findings in the Qubing site in Nantou Province, the Shisanhang site in New Taipei City, as well as sites on the Hengchun Peninusla and the Penghu Islands. Applying archeological findings to archeological studies is the key to learning the past lives and cultures of mankind, especially when studying prehistoric periods without written history.